Laryngitis causes

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Laryngitis Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Laryngitis from Other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ogheneochuko Ajari, MB.BS, MS [2], Anthony Gallo, B.S. [3]


Laryngitis may be the result of infectious or noninfectious causes. The most common causes of laryngitis are due to viral infections, and include rhinovirus, adenovirus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, and respiratory syncytial virus. Common bacterial causes of laryngitis include Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae.


Life-threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes of laryngitis include anthrax. Life-threatening causes may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.

Common Causes

Common causes of laryngitis include:

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Pneumomediastinum
Chemical/Poisoning Acrylic acid, irritants
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic Bejel, epidermolysis bullosa, leprosy, mumps, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus
Drug Side Effect Acitretin, albuterol, atropine, azelastine, azithromycin, capecitabine, celecoxib, clomipramine, dinoprostone, dornase alfa, estazolam, eszopiclone, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluticasone, fluvoxamine, frovatriptan, gentian violet, golimumab, interferon beta-1a, interferon beta-1b, ixabepilone, lisinopril, mirtazapine, pentamidine, pulmozyme, raloxifene, rifapentine, sibutramine, sildenafil, tacrolimus, tiagabine, tiotropium, tobramycin, tolcapone, venlafaxine, zaleplon
Ear Nose Throat Cochlear implant, empty nose syndrome, laryngotracheitis
Endocrine Amyloidosis
Environmental Pollution
Gastroenterologic Barrett's esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux disease
Genetic Epidermolysis bullosa
Hematologic MALT lymphoma
Iatrogenic Radiation therapy
Infectious Disease Acute bronchitis, acute viral nasopharyngitis (common cold), adenovirus, aspergillosis, bejel, blastomycosis, bordetella pertussis, bronchitis, candida, chlamydia pneumoniae, chlamydophila pneumoniae, common cold, croup, epiglottitis, excessive coughing, flu, group B streptococcal infection, haemophilus influenzae, helicobacter pylori, herpes simplex virus infection, herpes zoster, histoplasmosis, human metapneumovirus, influenza, laryngotracheitis, leishmaniasis, leprosy, measles, moraxella catarrhalis, mumps, mycobacterium leprae, obstructive laryngitis, paracoccidioidomycosis, parainfluenza virus, pemphigus, pneumonia, respiratory syncytial virus, rhinoscleroma, rhinovirus, sporotrichosis, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pneumoniae, syphilis, treponema pallidum, tuberculosis, upper respiratory tract infection
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional/Metabolic Amyloidosis
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic MALT lymphoma
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary Acute bronchitis, acute viral nasopharyngitis (common cold), bordetella pertussis, bronchitis, common cold, croup, excessive coughing, laryngotracheitis, obstructive laryngitis, pneumomediastinum, pneumonia, tuberculosis, upper respiratory tract infection, Wegener's granulomatosis
Renal/Electrolyte Wegener's granulomatosis
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Allergies, amyloidosis, relapsing polychondritis, selective IgA deficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus, Wegener's granulomatosis
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Injury, vocal trauma, voice misuse
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Voice misuse

Causes in Alphabetical Order